2 edition of Expressionism as an international literary phenomenon found in the catalog.
Expressionism as an international literary phenomenon
1973 in 360 p. -- .
Written in English
|Statement||edited by Ulrich Weisstein.|
|Series||A comparative history of literatures in European languages -- v. 1 = Histoire comparée des littératures de langues européennes ; -- v. 1, Histoire comparée des littératures de langues européennes -- v. 1|
|LC Classifications||NX600.E9 W44|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||360|
This play, like those of Walter Hasenclever, Paul Kornfeld, Fritz von Unruh, Ernst Barlach the sculptor, and Oskar Kokoschka the painter, was characterized by a quest for the essence of things, for the ideas behind personality and spiritual meaning in life. Willett, Expressionism ; W. Poets became the judges of poetry, since only they knew the value of originating emotions. Great strains on the creative process were inevitable, moreover, as they were in Georg Trakl's case, who committed suicide shortly after writing the haunting and beautiful piece given below.
The first of these was the work of August Strindberga brilliant Swedish dramtist and novelist who actually wrote expressionistic works a generation before the formation of the expressionistic school of play-wrights. Yet he devoted considerable time and effort to the discrim- ination of romanticisms. Playwrights not closely associated with the expressionists occasionally wrote expressionist drama, e. Kaiser's distinctive contribution to drama is contained in his expressionist plays in which the thought is more important than dramatic realism and verisimilitude. The idealistic Billionaire's Son ultimately yields to the forces of industrialism, but in a vision he foresees the coming of the New Man, although he has not been able fully to overcome the 'old' forces.
There is consequently a mystical strain in romantic poetry, a touch of melancholic longing in romantic symbolism. A chaotic and even anihilistic view of life and reality informs some expressionist plays, particularly the plays of Strindberg. Sexual themes are predominant in his work, but this view of sexuality is abnormal, even pathological. In content the naturalistic-realistic literature is generally concerned with the life of the middle and the lower classes; it does not mind depicting the lowest depths in man, the beast under a thin veneer of civilization, portraying man as a biological and economic animal. Naturalism was succeeded by anti-naturalistic and anti-realistic movements, such as Neo-Romanticism, Impressionism, Expressionism, and Sur-realism.
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All laws are left behind. Strindberg's personal experience of sexual life was dark and chaotic. So I paint him as he is, as faithfully as I can, to begin with.
Thus expressionism had run its course, covering a time span extending over the decade from Expressionism as an international literary phenomenon booka decade which Gott- fried Benn was justified in calling Das expressionistische Jahrzehnt.
He was influenced by the German expressionist movement, but in his literary work he retains his thoroughly Czech spirit and attitude. What is more, it would be downright foolish to think that an author's entire oeuvre could be regarded as belonging, fairly and squarely, to expressionism.
The artist accomplishes this aim through distortion, exaggeration, primitivismand fantasy and through the vivid, jarring, violent, or dynamic application of formal elements. Kaiser's distinctive contribution to drama is contained in his expressionist plays in which the thought is more important than dramatic realism and verisimilitude.
Expressionism as an international literary phenomenon book, the writings of the German dadaists are usually discussed in the standard surveys of expressionism, although the ties are very tenuous—at least esthetically speaking.
Such art often occurs during times of social upheaval and war, such as the Protestant ReformationGerman Peasants' Warand Eighty Years' War between the Spanish and the Netherlands, when extreme violence, much directed at civilians, was represented in propagandist popular prints.
In the words of F. Mark Roskill New York, Some writers, labelled as Decadents dealt in their work with the weird, the dark. Toiler envisaged a bloodless-revolution and transformation of society, a conversion to reason and love, to peace, and to creative and constructive action. Niedermayer, ed. In France, symbolist poets such as Arthur Rimbaud and Charles Baudelaire wrote visionary poems exploring dark and ecstatic emotional landscapes.
So diverse have been the opinions, still held by the artists themselves as well as by literary historians and critics, as to who should, and who should not, be re- garded as an expressionist that no universally accepted grouping is available. Raw power had to tap something deeper and more universal.
The Expressionists claimed to express reality and truth better than the Realists. After having undergone various emotional, intellectual and religious revolutions, socilaism, pacifism, Deism, even perhaps Buddhism, he was converted to a mystical form of Christianity of the Swedenborgian variety.
To conclude, Expressionism sought to introduce a new epoch in the history of European literature though it felt the link with the earlier literary movements such as Naturalism and Neo-Romanticism. Expressionism was very heterogeneous, touching base with Imagism, Vorticism, Futurism, Dadaism and early Surrealism, many of which crop up in English, French, Russian and Italian poetry of the period.
Whitford, Expressionism ; J. From Naturalism the Expressionists inherited the emphasis on the social ills and evils of the contemporary socio-economic order. The mainspring of Expressionist verse was a horror over urban life and over the collapse of civilization. Gwen F. Although Galsworthy may have spoken with a de- gree of levity, this deliberate emphasis on the inside of phenomena led to the serious and dogged attempt, on the part of many expressionists, to breathe a soul beseelen not only into animals and plants, but into inanimate objects as well.
Next to Marxism, Freudianism was another important current of thought that found expression in Expressionist literature. The program which the expressionists un- wittingly embraced was formulated by Vincent van Gogh in several letters to his brother Theo, written between and This spiritualizing tend- ency marks one of the strongest contrasts between expressionism Expressionism as an international literary phenomenon book the one hand and all the other major nineteenth- and twentieth-century movements includ- ing surrealism on the other.
Willett, Expressionism ; W. He presents sexual Expressionism as an international literary phenomenon book as a cruel struggle between the male and the female in which each seeks to overwhelm and dominate the other; its twin poles are a blind and bestial desire and a hatred toward the object which arouses such an enslaving passion.
Vogt et al. Expressionism Expressionism was a phase of twentieth-century writing that rejected naturalism and romanticism to express important inner truths.
His favourite dramatic devices are the impersonal allegorical character labelled only with a profession, the formless masses who chant their emotions in a sort of chorus, and the animizing of machinery and power.This Study Guide consists of approximately 33 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of Expressionism.
Allen, Roy, Literary Life in German Expressionism and the Berlin Circles. May 24, · Most literary histories, however, dismiss any impact of Expressionism on the Spanish literary scene. According to the editor of a book on Expressionism as an International Literary Phenomenon, Spain “remained quite unaffected by Expressionism” (Weisstein 31), and the Latin countries in general found Expressionism “uncongenial to their.
Abstract Expressionism Movement. While it was generally conceded that Abstract Expressionism was spent, superseded by the rise of minimalism and Pop art in the early s, Gustan’s work after signaled the end of the Idealism that had driven the movement.discuss this complex literary phenomenon pdf, there-fore, well advised to concentrate on specific works or groups of pdf.
Historically, expressionism in art and literature must be seen as one of many manifestations, in the arts, the sciences, philosophy, religion, and so forth, which were symptomatic of the revolt against positivism, a revolt.magicechomusic.com: Expressionism as an International Literary Phenomenon: Twenty-one essays and a bibliography (Comparative History of Literatures in European Languages) (): Ulrich Weisstein: BooksAuthor: Ulrich Weisstein.book.
The Grotesque ebook Art and Literature; Expressionism as an International Literary Phenomenon: 21 Essays and a Bibliogra; Membership. Member Modern Language Association (executive county ), International Comparative Literature Association (executive countysecretary ), American Comparative Literature Association, Council International Exchange Scholars (area.